Thursday, 16 April 2009

AJAX in ASP.NET Part-2

Following AJAX example demonstrates how to update partial page without postback or refreshing page.

  1. AddNew Item->Web Form in Your website .
  2. Place Script manger and UpdatePanel from toolbox on form.

<asp:ScriptManager ID="ScriptManager1" runat="server">


<asp:UpdatePanel ID="UpdatePanel1" runat="server">



After placing these components,VS automatically place this directive in html designer view.

<%@ Register Assembly="System.Web.Extensions, Version=1.0.61025.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35"

Namespace="System.Web.UI" TagPrefix="asp" %>

In web.config Add following Httphandler and HttpModule section.


<remove verb="*" path="*.asmx"/>

<add verb="*" path="*.asmx" validate="false" type="System.Web.Script.Services.ScriptHandlerFactory, System.Web.Extensions, Version=1.0.61025.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35"/>

<add verb="*" path="*_AppService.axd" validate="false" type="System.Web.Script.Services.ScriptHandlerFactory, System.Web.Extensions, Version=1.0.61025.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35"/>

<add verb="GET,HEAD" path="ScriptResource.axd" type="System.Web.Handlers.ScriptResourceHandler, System.Web.Extensions, Version=1.0.61025.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35" validate="false"/>



<add name="ScriptModule" type="System.Web.Handlers.ScriptModule, System.Web.Extensions, Version=1.0.61025.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35"/>



You can also copy paste this section from web.config file of AJAX ENABLED ASP.NET WEBSITE Template

If you are new to httphandlers and httpmodule , read this post
Httphandlers and HttpModules
Place a calendar and label control in update panel.Place a label control outside updatepanel .


<asp:Label ID="LBLDateselected" runat="server">asp:Label>

<asp:Calendar ID="Calendar1" runat="server" BackColor="#FFFFCC" BorderColor="#FFCC66"

BorderWidth="1px" DayNameFormat="Shortest" Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Size="8pt"

ForeColor="#663399" Height="200px" OnSelectionChanged="Calendar1_SelectionChanged"

ShowGridLines="True" Width="220px">

<SelectedDayStyle BackColor="#CCCCFF" Font-Bold="True" />

<SelectorStyle BackColor="#FFCC66" />

<TodayDayStyle BackColor="#FFCC66" ForeColor="White" />

<OtherMonthDayStyle ForeColor="#CC9966" />

<NextPrevStyle Font-Size="9pt" ForeColor="#FFFFCC" />

<DayHeaderStyle BackColor="#FFCC66" Font-Bold="True" Height="1px" />

<TitleStyle BackColor="#990000" Font-Bold="True" Font-Size="9pt" ForeColor="#FFFFCC" />



on page load place code

Label2.Text = DateTime.Now.ToLongTimeString();

and on calendar's Calendar1_SelectionChanged event place this code

protected void Calendar1_SelectionChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
LBLDateselected.Text = Calendar1.SelectedDate.ToLongDateString();

as you can see page is not postingback while clicking on calendar, it means code that has been placed in page load event wont be executed. only code for controls or in events of controls that are placed in update panel will be executed.

Wednesday, 15 April 2009

AJAX in ASP.NET Overview Part-1

Asynchronous Javascript and XML is a technique that used to execute server side code and return data back to the browser without postbacks or refreshing page.Let's take an example of Google Suggest where return results of query are filled in drop down list while typing the query without refreshing or posting back the page.AJAX pages contains Client side script and Server side code which exchange information through XML and communication between client side and server is carried asynchronously.

Main Object in AJAX is XMLHttpRequest ,with this object,clients can submit and retrieve XML data to /from server without postbacks or reloading page.

var _reqObject= new XMLHttpRequest();

Every latest browser support this object however Internet explorer 6 or old versions doest not.To declare XMLHttpRequest for older browser compatibility,following active- X syntax is used as it would be treated as active-X control.

var _reqObject = new ActiveXObject("MSXML2.XMLHTTP.3.0");

So basically there is lot of workaround for browser checks in code.AJAX components in ASP.NET made it all easier.

ASP.NET AJAX Contains Server side and clients side components. Where Client side components contains Javascript libraries (.js) that can be extended and can also be used in page. It also contains cross browsers compatibility scripts.
Server side contains Controls, UpdatePanel,ScriptManager.

AJAX Library can also be used to call web service(.asmx extensions) .

Before processing to our sample, we need to download


download it from above link for visual studio 2005. This toolkit is for ASP.NET 2.0, for ASP.NET 3.5, ASP.NET AJAX is built-In feature.After Installation of ASPAJAXExtSetup.msi and restarting Visual studio, AJAX extensions is installed in toolbox.
AJAX Extensions contains server side controls, Following controls will be our target to build up a AJAX style Web page.
  1. ScriptManager.
  2. UpdatePanel
  3. Timer

ScriptManager must be placed on page before placing any other AJAX server control o page, as it manages all AJAX Script libraries and files.


Monday, 6 April 2009

Integrating Instant MSN messenger in ASP.NET

Though this feature may be available in MS sharepoint portals but some time we need to embed MSN windows(not live messenger) Messenger in our own non portal website .Before starting our mission, we need RCW(Runtime callable Wrapper) interfaces for messenger so .Net Environment can understand old Com's Methods and properties.
Note:You also need to know about STA and MTA Thread pool.
  • Open Menu->Type "C:\Program Files\Messenger" in Run.
  • msmsgs.exe is our target to convert it to .Net assembly.
We will use TLBImp.exe tool that will import metadata from msmsgs type library and convert it to .Net assembly where Metadata will be stored in assembly manifest.All Methods and properties from Com components will be exposed through new generated dll. However it is nessary that old COMs should be existed and should be registered in registry before Generating RCW wrapper(.Net dll).

  • Goto MS visual studio 2005 tools->open Visula studio 2005 Command prompt.
  • type following command
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 8\VC>tlbimp.exe "C:\Program Files\Messe nger\msmsgs.exe" /out:C:\inetpub\wwwroot\myWebsitedirectory\inetpubdotnetmsgr.dll
  • On Solution Explorer in VS 2005 , right click and Add Reference
Select Converted Dll from Add refernence window.

Now Switch to code view and this code.

Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

using System;

using System.Data;

using System.Configuration;

using System.Collections;

using System.Web;

using System.Web.Security;

using System.Web.UI;

using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;

using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;

using inetpubdotnetmsgr;

public partial class Messenger : System.Web.UI.Page


protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)


if (IsPostBack==false)


MsgrObjectClass _messngerobject = new MsgrObjectClass();


//IMsgrService _ImessngerService = _messngerobject.IMsgrObject_Services.PrimaryService;

_messngerobject.Logon("", "mypassword", _messngerobject.Services.PrimaryService);

IMsgrUsers _Users = _messngerobject.get_List(MLIST.MLIST_CONTACT);

foreach (IMsgrUser _user in _Users)







You aslo need to set permission on new generated Dll for User.

Friday, 3 April 2009

Converting classic ASP page to ASP.NET aspx page

If you have already developed some asp page , cut & paste that server code in page(not on designer) but in html view. In page directive add this code.

<%@ Page AspCompat ="true" %>

<%@ ASPCOMPAT="true" %> directive, is for STA Single threaded apartment pool.

We use such syntax , reason is we use use com components in classic asp that are not developed in .Net and ASP.NET use multithreaded apartment (MTA) by default

Late Binding

as always, asp might contain adodb library and connection to database. C# is strongly typed language , we can not simply use ADODB in it.

so we need reflection namespace for binding.

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Reflection" %>

for instance if you ve created
connection object,
its methods(Open) and recordset's execute will be invoked thought late binding.
conn.GetType().InvokeMember("Open",BindiingFlags.InvokeMethod,...)(see MSDN for full parameters details).

It is always a better idea to use early binding for performance reason therfore one can use TLBimp.exe tool to convert old Com components into .Net assemblies.

Wednesday, 1 April 2009

Detecting and recording key strokes in C#

There are two APIs are used for this purpose.


private static extern short GetAsyncKeyState(

System.Windows.Forms.Keys vKey);


private static extern short GetAsyncKeyState(

System.Int32 vKey);

Note that this type of coding in .Net environment is called PInvoke
( platform invoke) feature as we are declaring and calling unmanaged libraries in .Net environment.

This Code works for all kind of Application domains running in Windows OS whether it is notepad, Messenger etc.
Calling APIs


enumeration in calling function.

for example

// Check for keypresses

if (GetAsyncKeyState((int)Keys.Down) != 0)


// Check for keypresses

if (GetAsyncKeyState((int)Keys.Up) != 0)

use stringbuilder variable to store all captured keystrokes in that variable.